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Insomnia: Symptoms and Treatment Options

Written By: Zulfi Alli RPSGT, RST, Lead Registered Polysomnographic Technologist The Sleep Lab at Kent Hospital on October 15, 2021

Insomnia is a common sleep disorder that affects as many as 35% of adults. People who suffer from insomnia have difficulty initiating sleep and staying asleep. This condition can be classified as short-term or long-term.  Chronic insomnia disorder, which is also associated with distress or impairment, is estimated at 10% to 15%. Insomnia can be a disruptive condition as it can affect a person's physical and mental health. 

Common signs and symptoms related to insomnia include:
  • Difficulty falling asleep
  • Waking up too early
  • Tension headaches
  • Lack of focus
Over time the lack of sleep can lead to:
  • Diabetes
  • Hypertension
  • Weight gain

What Causes Insomnia?

There are a variety of things that can contribute to the development of insomnia. One of the leading causes of insomnia is anxiety. People often experience various triggers of anxiety about work, home, financial or personal problems before going to bed. These triggers can cause symptoms of insomnia to worsen. Environmental, physiological, and psychological factors may also play a role in causing the sleep disorder.

What are Treatment Options for Insomnia?

Cognitive-behavioral therapy for insomnia (CBT-I) is a type of therapy specifically designed for insomnia. One part of CBT-I is learning good sleep hygiene to improve your sleep pattern, which will improve your sleep quality. There are also a variety of sleep aids that your doctor may recommend for the short term.

You should call your healthcare provider if you have difficulty concentrating or memory problems. If you are experiencing mood problems, such as anxiety, depression, or irritability. Your healthcare provider may offer tips for managing issues that are insomnia-related.


Have you tried these tips and are still having a difficult time getting a restful night of sleep? Contact our Sleep Medicine Team at Kent Hospital to help you achieve a better night of sleep. 

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